The Faculty of Mechanical Engineering is the oldest faculty of the Technical University of Liberec. It was established in 1953 as the Institute of Mechanical Engineering (Vysoká škola strojní) and laid foundations for the development of university education in Liberec.
In the post-war period, Liberec started to focus on the automotive industry, machine tool manufacture and plastics processing in addition to the traditional textile and glass industries. This fact determined, and to some extent still determines the R&D research orientation of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. At present, the science and research focus shifts to new areas such as the environment, safety, medicine, power engineering, nanomaterials and nanotechnology, emphasising the themes and needs of the 21st century.